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A frequent phenotype for paediatric sleep apnoea: short lingual frenulum

Lingual frenuloplasty with myofunctional therapy: Exploring safety and efficacy in 348 cases

The Role of Myofunctional Therapy in Treating Sleep-Disordered Breathing: A State-of-the-Art Review

Dental arch morphology in children with sleep disordered breathing:

European Journal of Orthodontics, Volume 31, Issue 2, 1 April 2009, Pages 160–167

Published:20 November 2008

Orofacial Myofunctional Therapy:
The Critical Missing Element to Complete Patient Care, By Joy L. Moeller, BS, RDH, Myofunctional Therapist

Oral dysfunction as a cause of malocclusion

Does Frenotomy Modify Upper Airway Collapse in OSA Adult Patients? Case Report and Systematic Review

Is Your Tongue Causing Your Health Problems?

Orofacial Myofunctional Therapy for Obstructive Sleep Apnea: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Is ankyloglossia associated with obstructive sleep apnea?

The prevalence of posterior tongue tie in patients with transverse maxillary deficiency

Do Tongue-Ties Affect Adults? What Symptoms Do They Have?

by Richard Baxter, DMD, MS | Dec 1, 2021 

Safety and efficacy of maxillary labial frenectomy in children: A retrospective comparative cohort study

Assessment of posterior tongue mobility using lingual-palatal suction: Progress towards a functional definition of ankyloglossia

How tongue mobility changes face and jaw development

​Speaking Tongues Are Actively Braced

The Roles of Oral Rest Posture and Neutral Position in Articulation Therapy

Relationships among nasal resistance, adenoids, tonsils, and tongue posture and maxillofacial form in Class II and Class III children

Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 2017 May;151(5):929-940. doi: 10.1016/j.ajodo.2016.10.027.

The Tongue's Role In Pediatric Sleep Disorders and Skeletal Growth and Development

Variation of Patterns of Malocclusion by Site of Pharyngeal Obstruction in Children

​Determinants of probable sleep bruxism in a pediatric mixed dentition population: a multivariate analysis of mouth vs. nasal breathing, tongue mobility, and tonsil size

Myofunctional Therapy A Novel Treatment of Pediatric Sleep-Disordered Breathing

Effects of nonnutritive sucking habits on occlusal characteristics in the mixed dentition.

Pediatr Dent. 2005 Nov-Dec;27(6):445-50.

Orthodontic findings in the deciduous and early mixed dentition--inferences for a preventive strategy.

J Orofac Orthop. 2003 Nov;64(6):401-16.

The effectiveness of orofacial myofunctional therapy in improving dental occlusion.

Int J Orofacial Myology. 1997;23:35-46.

Impact of adenotonsillectomy on the dentofacial development of obstructed children: a systematic review and meta-analysis European Journal of Orthodontics, Volume 39, Issue 5, 1 October 2017, Pages 509–518,


.Rev Paul Pediatr. 2017 Apr-Jun;35(2):216-221. doi: 10.1590/1984-0462/;2017;35;2;00016.

Posterior Tongue Tie - the amazing story of Michale Fetzik’s 12 year search for migraine relief.



Continuous positive airway pressure therapy in obstuctive sleep apnea: benefits and alternatives

Expert Rev Respir Med. 2017 Apr;11(4):259-272. doi: 10.1080/17476348.2017.1305893. Epub 2017 Mar 17.

Airway Centric® TMJ philosophy/Airway Centric® orthodontics ushers in the post-retraction world of orthodontics

Breathing mode influence on craniofacial development and head posture

AnnelChambi-RochaMª EugeniaCabrera-DomínguezAntoniaDomínguez-Reyes

Universidad de Sevilla, Facultad de Odontología, Seville, Spain

Received 6 January 2017, Accepted 6 May 2017, Available online 14 August 2017.

Short Lingual Frenulum and Obstructive Sleep Apnea in Children

Huang et al. Int J Pediatr Res 2015, 1:1 ISSN: 2469-5769

Treating TMD with orofacial myofunctional therapy

Timbrey Lind, RDH, and Shirley Gutkowski, RDH, BSDH

Post-surgical Myofunctional Therapy and Physical Therapy

Oral myofunctional therapy for the treatment of temporomandibular disorders: A systematic review

​Myofunctional Therapy to Treat Obstructive Sleep Apnea: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Establishment of nasal breathing should be the ultimate goal to secure adequate craniofacial and airway development in children.

J Pediatr (Rio J). 2017 Aug 30. pii: S0021-7557(17)30831-8. doi: 10.1016/j.jped.2017.08.002. [Epub ahead of print]

The Tongue's Role In Pediatric Sleep Disorders and Skeletal Growth and Development

By Rebecca Bockow on August 19, 2017

Malocclusions in young childen.  Does breast-feeding really reduce the risk? A systematic review and meta-analysis

Esma J. Doğramacı, BDS, MSc, MFDS, MOrth RCS EngCorrespondence information about the author BDS, MSc, MFDS, MOrth RCS Eng Esma J. DoğramacıEmail the author BDS, MSc, MFDS, MOrth RCS Eng Esma J. Doğramacı

Could some ADHD be a type of sleep disorder? That would fundamentally change how we treat it.

By Ariana Eunjung Cha September 20 Washington Post

Finding Connor Deegan - Foundation for Airway Health - New York

Mouth Breathers A multi-disciplinary treatise on how to manage your mouth breathing patient

Nasal Breathing Matters…And Matters A Lot

William M. Hang, DDS, MSD

Assessment of Nasal Breathing Using Lip Taping: A Simple and Effective Screening Tool

OSA in Children: Symptoms

What Causes Crooked Teeth in Kids?

Dr. Steven Lin

Chewing, Biting, Clenching, Bruxing and Oral Health

March 7, 2016 by Licia Coceani Paskay, MS, CCC-SLP

Effects of oropharyngeal exercises on patients with moderate obstructive sleep apnea syndrome.

Sleepiness, occlusion, dental arch and palatal dimensions in children attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).

Eur Arch Paediatr Dent. 2018 Apr;19(2):91-97. doi: 10.1007/s40368-018-0330-3. Epub 2018 Mar 14.

Andersson H1, Sonnesen L2.

Oropharyngeal and tongue exercises (myofunctional therapy) for snoring: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Lingual and Maxillary Labial Frenuloplasty with Myofunctional Therapy as a Treatment for Mouth Breathing and Snoring

Duration of nutritive and nonnutritive sucking behaviors and their effects on the dental arches in the primary dentition

The Effect of Breathing Exercises on the Nocturnal Enuresis in the Children with the Sleep-Disordered Breathing

Dental malocclusion and upper airway obstruction, an otolaryngologist's perspective

Establishing the association between nonnutritive sucking behavior and malocclusions: A systematic review and meta-analysis


How tongue mobility changes face and jaw development

Breast feeding, bottle feeding, and non-nutritive sucking; effects on occlusion in deciduous dentition

Obstructive sleep apnea: focus on myofunctional therapy

Oropharyngeal exercises in the treatment of obstructive sleep apnoea: our experience

Can myofunctional therapy increase tongue tone and reduce symptoms in children with sleep-disordered breathing?

Mouth breathing, “nasal disuse,” and pediatric sleep-disordered breathing

Association between oral habits, mouth breathing and malocclusion

Myofunctional Therapy to Treat Obstructive Sleep Apnea: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis 

Effects of Oropharyngeal Exercises on Patients with Moderate Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome

Myofunctional therapy improves adherence to continuous positive airway pressure treatment

Effectiveness of Myofunctional Therapy in Ankyloglossia: A Systematic Review

Orofacial Myofunctional Therapy Effectivity in Child's Anterior Open Bite

[Clinical application of orofacial myofunctional therapy combined with muscle functionnal appliance in postoperative rehabilitation of children with OSA].

[Effect of mouth breathing on upper airway structure in patients with obstructive sleep apnea]

Effect of orofacial myofunctional therapy along with preformed appliances on patients with mixed dentition and lip incompetence

Neurocognition, Behavior, Socioeconomic, and Health Outcomes of Pediatric Obstructive Sleep Apnea

Muscle tension dysphonia in singers and professional speakers with ankyloglossia: Impact of treatment with lingual frenuloplasty and orofacial myofunctional therapy

Orofacial dysfunction screening examinations in children with sleep-disordered breathing symptoms

Is ankyloglossia associated with obstructive sleep apnea?

Effectiveness of Myofunctional Therapy in Ankyloglossia: A Systematic Review

Can deciduous malocclusion phenotypes predict future respiratory co-morbidity?

Lingual frenulum and malocclusion: An overlooked tissue or a minor issue

Sleep Disordered Breathing and Risk for ADHD: Review of Supportive Evidence and Proposed Underlying Mechanisms

Deleterious sucking habits and atypical swallowing in children with otitis media with effusion

Craniofacial Sleep Medicine: The Important Role of Dental Providers in Detecting and Treating Sleep Disordered Breathing in Children

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